School of Biomedical Sciences
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Biochemistry and Pharmacology
Advice and Resources
Clinical References and Downloads
Clinical References and Downloads
Downloadable clinical resources
First aid references
- Australian Resuscitation Council Guidelines, First Aid Guidelines - Section 9.4: Envenomation. Accessed 01 Nov 2019.
- Sutherland SK, Coulter AR, Harris RD. The rationalization of first aid measures for elapid snake bite. Lancet 1979;1: 183-6.
- Sutherland SK, Coulter AR, Harris RD, Lovering KE, Roberts ID. A study of the major Australian snake venoms in the monkey (Macaca fascicularis). 1. The movement of injected venom, methods which retard this movement, and the response to antivenoms. Pathol 1981;13: 13-27.
- Cox JC, Moisidis AV, Shepherd JM, Drane DP, Jones SL. A novel format for a rapid sandwich EIA and its application to the identification of snake venoms and enteric viral pathogens. J Immunol Methods 1992;146: 293-294.
- Howarth DM, Southee AE, Whyte IM. Lymphatic flow rates and first-aid in simulated peripheral snake or spider envenomation. Med J Aust 1994;161: 695-700.
- Sutherland SK, King K. Management of snake bite in Australia. Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia Monograph Series No.1. 1991.
- Sutherland SK, Leonard RL. Snake bite deaths in Australia 1992-1994 and a management update. Med J Aust 1995;163: 616-618.
- Sutherland SK, Duncan AW. New first-aid measures of envenomation: with special reference to bites by the Sydney Funnel-web spider (Atrax robustus). Med J Aust 1980;1: 378-9.
- Hartwick R, Callanan V, Williamson J. Disarming the box-jellyfish. Nematocyst inhibition in Chironex fleckeri. Med J Aust 1980;1: 15-20.
- Exton DR, Fenner PJ, Williamson JA. Cold packs: Effective topical analgesia in the treatment of painful stings by Physalia and other Jellyfish. Med J Aust 1989;151: 625-6.
General references on envenoming
- Welton RE, Williams DJ and Liew D. Injury trends from envenoming in Australia, 2000-2013. Intern Med J. 2017;45: 170-176
- Cogger HG. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. AH and AW Reed, Sydney. 1983.
- Covacevich J, Davie P, Pearn J. (Eds) Toxic Plants and Animals: A Guide for Australia. Brisbane: Queensland Museum. 1987.
- Edmonds C. Dangerous Marine Creatures. Reed Books, Frenchs Forest, NSW. 1989.
- Gow GF. Snakes of Australia. Angus and Robertson, Sydney. 1976. Mascord R. Australian Spiders in Colour. AH and AW Reed, Sydney. 1983.
- Meier, J. and White, J. Handbook of Clinical Toxinology.
- Mirtschin P, Davies R. Snakes of Australia: Dangerous and Harmless. Hill of Content, Melbourne. 1992.
- Morrison JJ, Pearn JH, Covacevich J, Nixon J. Can Australians identify snakes? Med J Aust 1983;2: 66-70.
- Sutherland SK. Australian Animal Toxins: the creatures, their toxins and care of the poisoned patient. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1983;
- Sutherland SK. Venomous Creatures of Australia. Oxford University Press, Melbourne. 1994.
- Tibballs J. Diagnosis and treatment of confirmed and suspected snake bite: implications from an analysis of 46 paediatric cases. Med J Aust 1992;156: 270-274.
- Tidswell F. Researches on Australian venoms, snake-bite, snake venom and antivenine, the poison of the Platypus, the poison of the red-spotted spider. N.S.W. Department of Public Health, Sydney 1906.
- Underhill D. Australia's Dangerous Creatures. Reader's Digest. 1987. Weigel J. Guide to the Snakes of South-East Australia. Australian Reptile Park, Gosford. 1990.