2019 Physiology ARC Discovery Projects: Successful Outcomes

  • Associate Professor Enzo Porrello and Professor Lea Delbridge on their project “Molecular control of postnatal heart development" which aims to improve our understanding of how the heart develops after birth and the molecules that control this process. Recent advances in tissue engineering have opened up opportunities for the generation of synthetic tissues but these studies have also highlighted a fundamental knowledge gap in our understanding of how complex tissues mature to prepare for life as an adult. Much is known about the molecules that control early embryonic development but little is known about the molecules that control maturation after birth. This project aims to build new knowledge that is expected to improve our ability to generate mature heart muscle cells for stem cell applications, tissue repair and regeneration. (Find out more about DP190101972)
  • Dr RenĂ© Koopman, Professor Gordon Lynch and Associate Professor Paul Gregorevic on their project “Age-related mechanisms of amino acid signalling in skeletal muscle" aims to increase our understanding of the role of glycine receptor-mediated signalling and its metabolism in the amino acid sensing capacity of mTORC1, a key enzyme regulating muscle protein synthesis. Ageing is associated with a progressive decline in skeletal muscle mass, weakness, and impaired regeneration after injury. Impaired anabolic signalling after food intake has been proposed as a key contributor, yet the metabolic pathways responsible for nutrient sensing and regulation of protein synthesis remain unresolved. The project will assess defective amino acid sensing and protein synthesis in old mammals, identifying the role of glycine signalling in these processes. The project expects to underpin development of muscle-specific modulators of muscle homeostasis with broad relevance to Australia's ageing population. (Find out more about DP19010937)