The Department of Pathology is responsible for the teaching of Pathology to Medical students, Dental students, Science students, Optometry and Physiotherapy students. Lectures and tutorials are conducted on campus and at the various teaching hospitals associated with the University of Melbourne. The Department of Pathology is also responsible for postgraduate students (BSc Hons, MSc, MMed and PhD) and is committed to the pursuit of excellence in both teaching and medical research.

The Department of Pathology is classified as a large University Department and has an annual budget in excess of $7 million of which approximately $4 million is from outside sources.